Thinking of buying a new HDB apartment, but not too sure if you should get a HDB loan or a bank loan? Here is a quick guide on the list of things you need to pay attention to, when considering both options:
HDB Concessionary Loans can only be used for HDB properties. Bank loans can be used for any kind of property.
However, there are no HDB loans for Executive Condominiums (ECs). You must use bank loans for ECs.
The maximum Loan-to-Value (LTV) ratio for HDB Concessionary Loans is 90 per cent (i.e. you can borrow up to 90 per cent of your flat’s value or price, whichever is lower).
For the remaining down payment of 10 per cent, you can use a combination of cash or your CPF OA.
The maximum LTV ratio for bank loans is 80 per cent. Another 15 per cent can be paid with a combination of cash of CPF OA monies. The remaining five per cent must be paid in cash.
The interest rate on HDB Concessionary Loans is always 0.1 per cent above the prevailing CPF rate. At present, this is 2.6 per cent per annum.
Bank loan rates are more variable. There is no perpetual fixed rate home loan in Singapore. Bank interest rates are mainly determined in three ways:
For SIBOR packages, the interest rate is the prevailing SIBOR rate plus the bank’s spread. For example:
“3M SIBOR + 0.75” means the interest rate is the prevailing three month SIBOR rate, plus 0.75 per cent charged by the bank (the spread). Every three months, when the SIBOR rate changes, the interest rate will be changed to match the new rate.
This means that if you have a 1M SIBOR rate, the loan repayment amount will change every month. If you have a 3M SIBOR rate, the loan repayment amount will change every three months, and so forth.
SOR based loan packages are similar, but are based on the exchange rate between the US dollar and Singapore dollar, instead of SIBOR. SOR packages are rare, and interest rates are much more volatile than SIBOR.
IBR or BR loan packages have an interest rate set entirely by the bank. For example, a Fixed Deposit Home Rate (FHR) loan has an interest rate pegged to the bank’s fixed deposit rates.
These bank loans all differ from HDB Concessionary Loan rates, which almost never change.
The historical interest rate for bank home loans is between three to four per cent per annum. This is more expensive than HDB loans.
However, due to the Global Financial Crisis in 2008, bank interest rates have been at record lows for almost 10 years. Currently, bank loans are around 1.8 per cent per annum, as opposed to HDB’s 2.6 per cent.
But it may not last, as interest rates are normalising after the crisis.
(A) HDB loan:
(B) Bank loan:
*This is based on current, typical loan rates. We cannot assume that the bank interest rates will remain at this level over 25 years.
You can refinance your HDB loan into a bank loan (subject to the bank’s approval), even after getting the initial 90 per cent LTV.
Bank loans, however, cannot be refinanced into HDB loans.
The main intention of HDB is to provide the public with housing. The main aim of a bank is to find profits for its stakeholders / shareholders.
If you are unable to pay your home loan, HDB is more lenient in negotiations (but this doesn’t mean you can get away without paying your home loan – you can still be asked to sell the flat and downgrade).
Banks are quicker to foreclose, to minimise their losses.
If you’re on a tight budget, HDB loans should be considered first, as there is a smaller cash outlay. If you find the interest is too high, you can always refinance from an HDB loan to a bank loan later, but not the other way around.
If you intend to upgrade fast (e.g. sell the flat and buy private as soon as you can), you may want to consider a bank loan, or quickly refinancing into a bank loan from an HDB loan. This could reduce monthly repayments, and minimise the interest eating into your resale gains.
Speak to a qualified, independent mortgage broker for personalised help. These services are usually free, and everyone’s situation is different.
This article was first published by 99.co, Singapore’s fastest growing property portal.