Reno 101: Choose your perfect sofa in 5 easy steps

If your living room is the center-piece of your home, then your sofa has got to be the heart of this center-piece that can make or break your home design. So, in this third series of Reno 101, we’ll share with you the 5 easy steps to selecting your perfect sofa! 🛋

Step 1: What’s your usage?

Cost aside, the first thing to consider in selecting your sofa, is your usage. Some questions you can ask yourself are:

  • How many people am I catering this sofa for?
  • Is it mainly for display only? Or does it need to be comfy enough for those couch potato times?
  • Does anyone using the sofa have special needs? e.g. if you’re expecting kids and pets to be climbing up and down the couch, you might want something without sharp corners and is also durable and easy to clean. But if you have an elderly at home, you might want something that’s tall and firm enough such that it’s easy for them to climb in and out of.

Step 2: What size do you need?

Once you know how your sofa will be used, the next step is to consider the size you need. And, this is also the step you’ll probably can’t afford to screw up. Imagine how awkward your sofa will look in your living room, if it’s either too big or too small!. 😱 

To determine the size of your sofa, consider these few factors:

  • What is the maximum length and breadth your sofa can have? Do set aside sufficient walking space in your living room around the sofa. And if the sofa length you need is not easily available in the market, consider paying little more to have yours customised by the furniture manufacturers.
  • How many seats do you need?
  • How high do you need the sofa seat to be? If you’re catering for elderly, you might want to avoid sofa seats that are lower than their usual chair height, to ensure they can get on and off the sofa easily.
  • How high and wide do you want the arm rests to be? Some homeowners prefer lower arm rests for napping purposes, while others might prefer slimmer arm rests for a wider seating space. 
  • How high do you want your backrest to be? Depending on the sofa design, the height of the backrest may vary. If you’re looking for something with better support for your head and neck, you might want to go for sofas with higher backrests.

Step 3: What type of sofa do you need?

Once you know how your sofa will be used, the next you need is to decide on the sofa design. There are plenty of sofa designs, but these 4 are the more commonly used ones:


Commonly known for their tufted design, chesterfield sofas are a must have especially for Luxe or European designs.


If you’re looking for flexibility in your sofas, you won’t want to miss out on sectional multi-piece sofas, that let you arrange them in various configurations that are fit for various room sizes.


As the name says it, loveseat sofas are the sofas made just for two people. So, if space is a constraint for you, loveseat sofas are definitely a plus for your home design! 


These back-to-basic wooden chairs are a common choice in Oriental and Asian-themed homes. Although not as plushy as the other sofa types, the basic structure of wooden settees is sure to give your living room a lighter and less-cluttered look.

Step 4: What material is good for you?

Once you know the type of sofa you need, the rest will be so much easier to decide, even on the type of material you need! Most sofa types only go well with a limited variety of material options.  But, two of the most common materials are leather and fabric.

Leather sofas are known for their luxurious look. Although they tend to absorb more heat, making you feel hotter sitting on it, leather sofas are firmer and do not easily trap dust like in the case of fabric sofas. However, one key point to note is that leather sofas, especially those of lower quality are easily damaged by scratches. So, if you have jumping children or roaming pets with claws, do consider avoiding leather sofas.

Fabric sofas, on the other hand, are known for their comfort. Given that they trap dust easily, do keep a look out for those that are easy to wash and clean. If you foresee heavy traffic on your sofa, why not consider going for darker sofa colours to hide those stains and dust!

Step 5: What colour should your sofa be?

Finally, the last step of your sofa selection journey is to decide on your sofa colours. Although there’s no right or wrong in selecting your sofa colours, a major deciding factor lies in your home design style. For instance, minimalist and Scandinavian  home designs usually go well with muted or lighter shades.

Chic and art deco designs, on the other hand, go better with vibrant and contrasting colours. One tip to keep your colours coherent, is to match your sofa colour with some of the other furnishings in the room, similar to how this sofa was contrasting in its colour, but was of a similar shade with the TV console!

At the end of the day, finding your perfect sofa is really all about finding one that fits your needs, both aesthetically and physically. 👍🏻

Reno 101: What flooring options are best for you?

In this second “episode” of our Reno 101 blog series, we’ll tackle one of the hardest things to decide for your renovation – your flooring. With different rooms serving different purposes, it’s tough deciding which material is good for which room. So, to get you started, here’s a quick guide on the good and the bad about the 5 key flooring options – tiles, stones, wood, laminates and vinyl!

What flooring for which room?

So, now that you know what’s good and bad about each flooring option, your next question is probably what flooring should I use for which room. Fret not, because, we’ve already covered that in this article, where we talked about the best flooring for each room. As a general guide, here are the key consideration points:

  1. First, consider the functional usage of the space e.g. is it for a bathroom, or a baby room? Would there be heavy traffic in this room?
  2. Then, weigh the pros and cons against your budget and timeline. (Don’t forget that some flooring options require more installation time than others!). And, narrow down on 1 to 2 flooring options.
  3. Next, do a market visit to look for varying designs and quality for your selected flooring options. If you have already engaged a contractor/interior designer, you could ask them for recommendations. Some might even make a trip down to the shops with you, to let you get a feel of the actual products.
  4. As the actual quality and features of the flooring options may vary depending on the brand and exact finishing quality of the product, it’s best to search for some reviews of the actual product first, before making a purchase! 

Alright, with this, you’ve got your flooring covered! If you still have a burning question to ask about renovation or home design, you can get them answered via! 🤗

5 Hidden costs of renovation and how to avoid them

So, you’ve gone through your home renovation scope with your renovator countless times. You think you have all grounds covered. Surely, with all these preparations, there shouldn’t be any reno issues, and your budget shouldn’t overrun, right?

Or so you thought.

Even with all these preparations, there is still a chance your renovation budget may overrun. Because there are that many details to be ironed out, sometimes potential add-on costs are only brought up during the process of the renovation, rather than before the start of it.

So, how then can we anticipate or even avoid these hidden costs of renovation? Read on to find out more!

#1 Hidden costs of electrical works and lighting rearrangement

Many homeowners often forget to confirm the number of power outlets they need, how they want the electrical wirings to be concealed, and whether they need any power outlet to be rewired. These may sound so basic. But, because they involve hacking and / or building false walls, they are crucial steps that have to be planned ahead, before your renovator can start on other renovation stages, like painting of walls. Otherwise, you may risk paying more to have these electrical works done much later.

How to avoid them:

To cut these costs, plan where you want the lighting and power points to be, and the type of lighting you want to install, all before you start on your renovation.

This is because shifting any lighting or power points require hacking and then re-patching part of the wall / ceiling. Also, some types of lighting require a false ceiling. Without having all these arranged before the start of renovation, you might end up spending money painting the walls or installing the wall features, only to realise later that these expenditures have gone to waste because they have to be redone due to the electrical works. So, avoid these extra costs by planning your electrical works early.

#2 Hidden costs of changing of plans

We are all fickle-minded people. This is especially so when it involves designing our new home that we’ve put our heart, soul and savings into making it the best. So, it is really common that many of us change our minds on the renovation plans, even while the renovation is already in progress. But did you know this ficklemindedness of ours can actually cost us more for our renovation? 

Here are some of the common changes in plans we’ve seen homeowners commit and how they can cost you more money:

  • Changing designs of built-in carpentry
    Built-in carpentry, like kitchen cabinets and wardrobes, are usually made-to-order, based on the exact dimensions and designs you’ve asked for. So, any changes in design after the manufacturing has started can potentially cost you double the material and labour cost.
  • Purchasing furnishings and then changing your mind
    Most renovators leave it to the homeowners to purchase the basic furnishings like kitchen taps and sinks, bathroom accessories, lights, household appliances etc. But we, as homeowners, are often guilty of buying what we thought we like, only to change our minds much later. Sometimes, this means paying the extra order cancellation fees.

How to avoid them:

To avoid these unnecessary hidden costs, always consult your interior designer before you purchase any items for your home furnishings. Check with them if they think the design and the dimensions of the furnishings will fit into the intended spaces. You can also check with your renovator on when you have to confirm the design of the built-in carpentry. Usually the actual carpentry production starts once the carpenter has taken the exact measurements of the carpentry needed. So, do try to finalise your design before this!

#3 Hidden costs of reworks

Due to the complicated nature of renovations, mistakes are likely to be made and reworks can sometimes be inevitable. But each rework means more time, effort and sometimes even money. These are the common reworks needed during home renovation:

  • Reworks needed due to poor communication that led to renovator doing work that is not as per what the homeowner wanted
  • Repairing damages to walls and floors caused during renovation e.g. falling debris during wall hacking may lead to cracks on the floor

How to avoid them:

To avoid incurring the hidden costs of reworks, ensure that you go into as much detail as you can when discussing the renovation scope with your renovator.

Also, request for your renovator to break down the renovation into different stages (e.g. electrical works, wet area works) and give you a calendar timeline of when each stage will be done. Then, make it a point to visit the renovation site at the beginning, in the middle and at the end of each of the stages. Your visit matters because that’s when your renovator can get you to confirm face-to-face on the details that could have been missed out. Plus, with these visits, you also get to do defects inspection while the workers are still around to fix them.

And, while you are at it, check that there is proper floor and wall protection done to prevent any damages caused during the reno process.

#4 Hidden costs of buying furnishings of the wrong size

Many homeowners love to buy big-ticket furniture, like sofas and cabinets, during the sales season, even before they get the keys to their new homes. Oft times, they usually base all these home furnishing shopping solely on their floor plan. While the floor plan might be fairly accurate, it does not preempt you about the structural irregularities in the house layout. For instance, perhaps there’s just that small section of the ceiling that’s protruding down lower than the rest of the area? It may seem insignificant. But, imagine what might happen when you buy your cabinets, only to realise it much later that they can’t fit in because of that section with a ceiling height lower than usual?

Yep, the next thing you know, you are back at the furniture shop asking for a new one that fits.

How to avoid them:

To keep clear of such hidden costs, avoid buying furniture and carpentry products until you have confirmed the renovation scope. Otherwise, you might end up with products that can no longer fit into the newly renovated space you have. You could also consult your renovator with the dimensions of the furnishings and ensure that they can fit well, before you actually buy them.

Also, if you are planning to do skirting for your flooring, ensure that all your furniture leaning against the walls (e.g. wardrobes) cater for the skirting. Otherwise, you may end up with an awkward gap behind the furniture.

#5 Hidden cost of home maintenance

Alright, so you have finally completed your renovation. And you’re thinking, there, that’s it. That’s the full reno cost. No more heavy spending on the house after this. 

But, hold on! Let’s not forget the hidden cost of maintaining your newly renovated home.

The most immediate maintenance costs are the utility bills, especially the electricity bill. How you renovate your home can greatly affect how much electricity you consume monthly. Dark homes with dim lights usually incur higher electricity bills, since more lights have to switched on longer for better lighting in the house. 

The not-so-immediate maintenance costs are those you incur when you have to replace what’s been damaged around the house. Commonly damaged areas are those that face heavy human traffic / use e.g. bed, sofa, floor, dining tables and chairs.

How to avoid them:

To save on your electricity bills, opt for lighter and more neutral tones in your home design. These paler colours help to make the space feel not only bigger, but also brighter. So, you won’t need to keep that many lights on, just to make the space look brightly lit at night. You can also opt for energy efficient home appliances that can help you shave hundreds of dollars off your electricity bills each year!

And, to save on your replacement costs, consider investing more on home furnishings that have to deal with high usage. Instead of buying a cheap $500 sofa that lasts a short while, you could buy a better quality option that may cost slightly more, but can last for much longer. Buying quality furniture can cut down on your home maintenance costs greatly in the long run

You might get into trouble with HDB if you renovate these things in your BTO

When we get our new HDB Build-To-Order (BTO) flats, we often have our own vision of how we want to renovate it. But did you know that HDB has guidelines and regulations set for your BTO renovation? Yes, that’s right. Not everything in your BTO apartment can be renovated. And if you don’t follow HDB’s renovation guidelines, you might be forced to reinstate the original conditions at your own expense.

So, to avoid the unnecessary complications with HDB, here are the common BTO renovation violations you should avoid.

1. Main Front Door

Before you think of modifying the main front door of your house, do remember to check if it is a fire-rated door. Some BTO units, especially those located near the fire escape staircase, are fitted with fire-rated front doors. These doors serve to contain smoke and fire within the unit, so that it will not spread to the exit staircases and lift lobbies.

So, for safety reasons, if your original front door fitted by HDB is fire-rated, it is required that you replace it with an equivalent fire-rated door. Now, here’s a tricky part many homeowners do not know about. Replacing a fire-rated door means you will not only need to replace the door itself, but all the hinges, lockset, door knobs, and all of them must be compatible with each other. So, if you are intending to use a digital lock for your door, be careful to check not only that it has the equivalent fire-ratings, but also that it is compatible with the door and its accessories.

How to check if your door is fire rated?

If the original door fitted by HDB is soft closing, there’s a high chance it is a fire-rated door. To double confirm, look out for a sticker pasted on the less visible parts of your main front door. The sticker should indicate its fire-rating. In the example below, the door is half-hour fire-rated, which means it can withstand fire for up to 30 mins).

2. Walls

One of the most common BTO renovation homeowners like to do is hack or modify existing walls at home. But did you know that hacking, alteration or removal of Reinforced Concrete (RC) walls, columns, beams and slabs are not allowed in BTO apartments?

So, how do you identify such walls?

Take a closer look at your floor plan. Those walls that are shaded in solid black/grey are usually the RC structures that cannot be renovated / hacked. (See below for example of such walls)

But that’s not to say you can do whatever you like with the other walls. Whenever you are hacking or drilling deep into any wall, it’s best to check with HDB and get their written approval first. This is because even if the wall seems like a non-RC beam that’s safe to be torn down, there could be intricate wiring / piping that’s hidden deeper in the wall. So, for safety reasons, remember to get your renovator to apply for HDB permit before commencing any works.

3. Bathroom and Kitchen

Bathrooms and kitchens are wet areas that require more water proofing. This is also why there are more restrictions on what you cannot do in these spaces, for instance:

  • Bathroom wall and floor tiles, that are originally provided by HDB, cannot be removed or replaced for a period of 3 years, starting from the issuance of TOP (Temporary Occupation Permit).
  • Constructing water tank is not allowed in BTO bathrooms, unless they are ready-made fiberglass bathtub.
  • Kitchen sink and stove can only be constructed within the existing pre-allocated kitchen area
  • Sometimes, there are pipes that are openly visible either in the kitchen or the bathroom. Even if you find them unsightly, you cannot permanently conceal them. This is because there may be cases where the pipes from your neighbour upstairs / downstairs are clogged and HDB may need to take a look at your pipes to investigate the clogging.

4. Household Shelter

Many of us often convert the household shelter into a store room. And naturally we will like to renovate it such that it blends in well with the rest of the house, right? But do take note that these works are not allowed in BTO household shelters:

  • Covering / removing the notice pasted on the household shelter door.
  • Modifying or removing the household shelter door.
  • Laying of wall tiles, spraying of wall finishing (e.g. cement sand finish) or wall plastering on the internal walls of the household shelter.
  • Laying of 2nd layer of floor tiles or skirting tiles
  • Hacking on the external walls of the household shelter for mounting of feature wall panels or tiles.
  • Installation works that require power-driven drills / nails into the internal walls of the household shelter.

5. Windows and grilles

Every BTO project comes with a fixed window and grille design and structure. For both aesthetics and safety reasons, these window and grille works are not allowed in BTO:

  • Replacement of full height or 3/4-height or bay windows
  • Installation of casement windows for windows that are facing the common corridor. (Casement windows are those windows that open out, instead of sliding sideways.)
  • Removal or tampering of safety railings and grilles, both internal and external, that were originally installed by HDB.
  • Removal, replacement or relocation of original sliding door at the balcony where window installation is not allowed.

6. Renovation timing

Everyone of us would love for our renovation works to wrap up as smoothly and quickly as possible. But did you know that even if you would like to rush the reno works, you must still adhere to the HDB renovation timing guidelines? Here are the timings you should note:

  • No renovation works can be carried out before 9am and after 6pm on weekdays and Saturdays
  • No renovation works can be carried out on Sundays and Public Holidays
  • Noisy works can only be done from 9am to 5pm on weekdays. 
  • Noisy works cannot be done on Saturdays, Sundays, Public Holidays and eve of major Public Holidays.
  • All the works approved by HDB must be completed within 3 months from the date of the HDB permit. 

Of course, these guidelines listed above is not exhaustive. To find out more about the other BTO renovation guidelines set by HDB, you can refer to this list, or consult your trusted renovator.  But, before you start your reno journey, make sure you know how you can cut reno costs smartly first.

How to buy the right air conditioner for your home

With the hot weather that we are “blessed” with all year round, it’s little wonder why most of our homes need an air conditioner. But given the huge variety of options available in the market, choosing a good air conditioner for yourself can get bombarding, especially if it is your first time buying one.

So, here’s a quick 3-step guide to get you started on your air conditioner shopping.

Step 1: Know the types of air conditioners available

In general, there are 2 types of air conditioners available in the market — those that are permanently built-in v.s. those that are portable.

Portable air conditioners

As you might have guessed, portable ones are cheaper, more flexible and easier to install. But, they are limited in their air cooling capacity and also consume more floor space. So, if you’re intending to use the air conditioner for cooling a big room, you might want to avoid portable ones as they usually take longer to cool a place down. But, if you’re looking for a short-term commitment to combat the sweltering heat, then portable air conditioners might just be the answer for you.

Built-in air conditioners

As the name suggests, built-in air conditioners are installed permanently either by the windows, at the top of a wall or through the ceiling. Due to the special installation works involved, built-in air conditioners are usually more expensive than the portable ones. However, many residential homes still prefer these as they look not only sturdier and neater, but also have a higher capacity to cool the place down faster.

Among the various types of built-in air conditioners available, split air conditioning systems are a hot favourite for homeowners. These systems comprise of one or more indoor air con units that are mounted onto the walls inside the house and are supported by an outdoor compressor unit. They are usually labelled and priced according to the number of indoor units (‘systems’) that the outdoor unit can support. So, if you buy a System 3 air conditioner, it means there will be one outdoor unit that will be supporting 3 indoor air con units.

Step 2: Buy a good air conditioner that suits your needs

To buy a good air conditioner, simply ask yourself these questions:

Qn 1. How big is your space?

If the space that you want to cool down is a small room, portable air conditioners alone should work fine. Otherwise, you could go for split air conditioners, or even built-in central units to cool bigger spaces.

Qn 2. For how many rooms do you need air con?

The next thing to consider is the number of rooms that need air conditioning. For most residential homes where more than one room need air conditioning, split air con systems are hugely popular, mainly because you only need one outdoor unit to support and separately control as many indoor units as you like.

Qn 3. What’s your budget?

If you’re tight on budget or just simply need a quick temporary fix, then go for portable air conditioners, which typically costs between $500 to $1,000.  But, if you would rather spend on good quality and a longer lasting solution, built-in air conditioners like the split air con would work great. These air conditioners typically cost between $800 to $1,000 per system. i.e. if you need air conditioning in 3 bedrooms, you will need a System 3 air conditioner, which typically costs around $2,400 to $3,000.

Besides looking at the absolute cost of the air con, you should also consider:

  • Installation costs: Do check that the price quoted by the retailer includes installation fees. Installation fees may vary depending on the type of built-in air con as well i.e. window vs split vs centralised air con.
  • Warranty: Each individual air con units come with its own warranty terms. However, some air con retailers do offer additional warranty for the air cons they sell.
  • Serviceability: Uncommon and outdated air con brands may not be easy to repair, even for just minor fixes. So, before buying your air conditioner, check that maintenance services are readily available for your air con.

Qn 4. What are the air con specifications?

And of course, when buying your air conditioners, do check out its specifications: 

  • Energy efficiency rating
    The better the rating, the more you save on electricity bills. Find out more on how you can save with energy efficient appliances here.
  • Efficient distance
    This determines how far your air conditioning can work its wonders. This is particularly important if you are planning to use the air con to cool bigger spaces.
  • Air con insulation thickness
    Insulation pipes absorb water droplets that are formed due to condensation. The thicker the pipe insulation, the more resistant your air con is towards future leakages that occur due to condensation.
  • Noise level
    If you’re not a fan of noisy air cons, go for those with lower aircon sound pressure. The lower the decibels, the softer the noise the air con will create.

Aside from these basic specifications, also look out for other value adding features that many air conditioners offer e.g. dust-proofing, cooling retention effects. 

Step 3: Have your air con installed without issues

For all built-in air conditioners, you will need an air con specialist to have your air con installed for you. 

Before getting your air con installer down, finalise exactly where you want to install your air conditioner in each room, based on:

  • Your room’s space planning and your own lifestyle needs
    E.g. Ensure that the tall wardrobes are not blocking the flow of air from the air con.
  • The structure of your house
    For HDB flat dwellers, remember that HDB does not permit any drilling onto RC beams or walls. So, do not mount air con on walls that are marked as solid blocks / marked in dark colours on your floor plan. 

During the air con installation process, walls will get drilled. And, there will be debris and chunks of wall cement falling onto the floor. So, ensure that your air con specialist has either laid floor protection covers, or taken cautionary measures to protect the floors from the impact of the falling debris.

At the end of the air con installation, check that the walls are repaired nicely and that all the wires and pipes are concealed neatly.